Version Migration

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This document addresses the issue of how simantics application migrates from one version to the next. The scope includes software and ontology development.

Ontology Migration

An ontology is a compilation of shared concepts (=types, relations and instances).

   http://www.simantics.org/Layer0-1.0 
       http://www.simantics.org/Layer0-1.0/ConsistOf
       http://www.simantics.org/Layer0-1.0/Library

Ontologies are versioned according to the following scheme

   <Ontology URI>-<major version>.<minor version> 

For example

   http://www.simantics.org/Layer0-1.0 

All shared concepts contained in the ontology are accordingly versioned along with the ontology and the version number is visible in the URI. For ontological concepts we define

  • versioned URI as the proper URI of the resource e.g. http://www.simantics.org/Layer0-1.0/ConsistsOf
  • unversioned URI where version information is omitted e.g. http://www.simantics.org/Layer0-0.0/ConsistsOf

Ontologies are deployed as OSGi bundles. Declarations in Simantics software may use the unversioned URI to refer to concepts in the latest version on an ontology (or the version found from OSGi dependencies). An utility class for converting between versioned URI and unversioned URI is defined in class org.simantics.scl.reflection.OntologyVersions.

Additionally we define

  • working ontology as an ontology bundle which contains the latest version of the ontology e.g. org.simantics.simulation.ontology
  • released ontology as an ontology bundle which is frozen, renamed and never again changed e.g. org.simantics.simulation.ontology-1.1

The following simple rules for ontology development are defined to enable version migration

Modelling rules

  1. All ontology versions shall be completely self-contained. All concepts are declared in all versions of an ontology.
  2. There shall be exactly one ontology (L0.Ontology) defined in each ontology bundle.
  3. The Bundle-Name of an ontology shall be the unversioned URI of the ontology without the '-0.0' suffix e.g. http://www.simantics.org/Simulation
  4. The first two digits of the Bundle-Version of an ontology shall be the ontology version as specified in the ontology URI e.g. '1.2'
  5. The Bundle-SymbolicName (bundle id) of a working ontology is unchanged when versions grow (e.g. org.simantics.simulation.ontology)
  6. The Bundle-SymbolicName (bundle id) of a frozen ontology is a version-dependent derivative of the id from the working ontology (e.g. org.simantics.simulation.ontology-1.1)

Model Migration

A project in a database contains models of different versions created with different versions of software features.

The database can host multiple versions of ontologies which enables old models to exist and to be imported in the database. A typical software feature can only manipulate models defined with the latest versions of some ontologies.

Software features can make model migration from models created with previous versions of the software. Each model is associated in the database with a single software feature version, which then can be used to determine the actions needed for migrating models to the latest ontological definitions. The version modelling is defined in org.simantics.softwareconfiguration.ontology.

The user can browse the old and new models contained in the database and perform model migration at will.

Making software releases

A released Simantics feature uses a set of ontologies with specified version numbers. All models associated with a specific software version need access to these ontology versions even after the ontologies have evolved. Thus it is necessary to release and freeze all versions of used ontologies whenever a software is released. Thus the procedure for making a software release includes

The release process

  • Before the build
    1. Make usual tagging and branching of all released plugins in Subversion
  • Right after the build
    1. For all working ontologies which do not correspond to a frozen version : freeze ontology plugin and store as a tag
    2. Increment the software version number of models
  • During modelling when ontology is first modified (before this the working ontology was exactly some frozen ontology)
    1. Increment ontology version number. (Include the corresponding frozen ontology into product dependencies to enable migration).